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  2. If you noticed an Internet speed drop after upgrading to the latest version of Windows 10, the following troubleshooting guide may help resolve it. It may be particularly useful if the Internet speed was fine on previous versions of Windows, and is no longer after the upgrade to Windows 10 Anniversary Update edition. Microsoft introduced a feature called Window Auto-Tuning back in Windows Vista, and has made it part of any newer version of Windows as well. Set to on by default, it is designed to improve performance for programs that receive TCP data over a network. While data transfers should be more efficient as a general rule, users may experience slower than usual data transfer speeds under certain conditions or even connectivity issues. Managing Window Auto-Tuning in Windows 10 The first thing you may want to do is check the status of Window Auto-Tuning. If it is turned off for instance, it is likely that it is not the case for the slow downs, but if it is set, it may very well be the culprit. Note: you don't need administrative privileges for running the command above, but you will need them for modifying the Window Auto-Tuning parameter. Tap on the Windows-key, type cmd.exe, hold down Shift and Ctrl keys, and hit enter. Confirm the UAC prompt that opens. Run the command netsh interface tcp show global. Locate the "Receive Window Auto-Tuning Level" value under TCP Global Parameters. If it is not set to disabled, it is being used by Windows to optimize TCP connections. You may want to disable the feature to run connection tests and see if it is the cause for the limited Internet speed that you are getting out of the connection. Run the following command to disable Window Auto-Tuning on Windows 10: netsh int tcp set global autotuninglevel=disabled You get ok as verification that the value was set correctly. You may verify this by running netsh interface tcp show global again. Once disabled, start downloads just like before and monitor the speeds that you get. You may want to fire up a P2P client, Usenet program, FTP client or server program to find out if disabling Auto-Tuning Level did resolve the issue. If it did not, you may want to turn it on again. This is done by running the following command: netsh int tcp set global autotuninglevel=normal Ok should be returned again to indicate that the new value was set correctly. It is recommended to check the global values again to make sure that is indeed the case.
  3. 1. IDE vs AHCI Mode Before installing Windows on a new SSD, you should first enter your motherboard's BIOS and enable AHCI (Advanced Host Controller Interface) mode instead of IDE in the SATA controller's configuration area if given the option (this would also be a good time to update the BIOS firmware before installing Windows). Older systems may not have this option, but most newer motherboards will support AHCI. If your BIOS is already setup for AHCI don't touch a thing. IDE is typically the default option used when installing a normal HDD, so if making the switch this will need to be changed. Once AHCI is selected it will enable hot swapping and native command queuing, which should give you a nice performance boost of 10-15 percent over IDE mode. AHCI is supported in Vista and all Windows operating systems released after it. Reminder: This step must be completed before installing the OS. The PC will fail to boot if you install in IDE mode and later try to change it to AHCI, forcing you to format and reinstall windows in the correct mode. It is possible to enable AHCI mode on a current Windows 7 install in IDE mode if you don't wish to do a fresh install. This will require making some changes via Regedit then entering your BIOS after rebooting and switching to ACHI mode. Here's how to do it: Open the Run menu by hitting the Windows key + R. Type in Regedit and hit enter to enter the registry navigator. First, navigate to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\services\iaStorV and modify the REG_DWORD Start from 3 to 0 by right-clicking it and hitting modify. Now navigate to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\services\msahci and follow the same procedure of modifying the Start value to 0. After those two changes are made to Regedit you must reboot your PC, enter the BIOS, and switch from IDE to AHCI mode. Now you're done! 2. Confirm TRIM is Running The purpose of TRIM is to allow the Operating System to communicate to the SSD that a block of data is no longer needed or being used by the file system (garbage collection). If TRIM is not functioning you may notice a drop in performance. TRIM is supported in Windows 7 and 8, but not Vista. Follow these steps to verify that TRIM is installed and working properly: Search for cmd in Windows search. Once the Cmd program is displayed in the search right click it and select Run as Administrator. Now type in this line without quotes and hit Enter: "fsutil behavior query DisableDeleteNotify" If TRIM is running it will return DisableDeleteNotify=0, or DisableDeleteNotify=1 if TRIM is not functioning. 3. Avoid and Disable Disk Defragmenter Disk Defragment should never be run on a SSD. Fortunately, the default setting for Windows 7 and 8 (but not Vista) for a SSD is to disable the disk defragmentation scheduling utility because it is simply not needed for a Solid State Drive. All running the disk defragmenter on a SSD will accomplish is adding additonal wear and tear by increasing number of writes, thus decreasing the expected lifespan of your SSD. If you are running Vista and need to disable the disk defragmentation utility or just want to verify it isn't running in Windows 7 or 8, follow these steps: Type dfrgui into Windows Search and open Disk Defragmenter. Select your SSD from the list of devices and hit Configure Schedule. Uncheck Run on a schedule if checked to disable disk defragmenter from running automatically. Type cmd into Windows Search. Right-click on command prompt and select Run as Administrator. Now type in powercfg -h off and hit Enter to disable hibernation. 4. Disable Indexing Service/Windows Search The indexing service in Windows is implemented to make the search function perform faster by storing an index of file locations. The service was designed to improve search performance when using a mechanical HDD, but the quick response times of SSDs make this service obsolete and unnecessary. Indexing is also another service that makes multiple small writes to a storage drive any time a file is created, changed, or removed. It's wise to disable this service if you wish to avoid unnecessary wear to the SSD. Click Start and open Computer. Find the SSD you would like to disable indexing service on, right-click it and choose Properties. Uncheck the box next to Allow files on this drive to have contents indexed in addition to file properties. 5. Enable Write Caching for SSDs Write caching can improve performance of both SSDs and HDDs. It's usually enabled by default, but if not here's how to turn it on: Right-click Computer and select Properties. Click Device manager on the left then expand Disk drives. Find your SSD, right-click it, hit Properties and go to the Policies tab. Make sure Enable write caching on the device is checked and hit Ok. Write-cache Buffer Flushing Double check to make sure the box next to "Turn off Windows write-cache buffer flushing on the device" is not checked. Having this option selected will put your filesystem and any important data stored on the drive at risk in the event of any external interruptions such as power failures. With that said, if you are not concerned about data integrity and only want the fastest SSD performance possible, enabling this option may provide the speed boost you crave. I say may because this seems to vary from drive to drive and system to system (Intel recommends to not disabling write-cache buffer flushing on their drives). Benchmark your SSD with it enabled and disabled to determine if it provides any benefit. 6. Update Drivers and Firmware for Your SSD The software that comes bundled with most PC hardware (SSDs included) is usually outdated, so get into the habit of checking the manufacturers website to download the newest drivers and firmware updates. This applies to every component in the PC, especially your motherboards chipset drivers as they can have a huge impact on SSD speed and reliability. 7. Optimize or Disable Page File for SSDs Yet another feature that makes numerous writes to a SSD that could potentially lessen lifespan. There is a lot of debate about whether page file should be used or not. My personal recommendation is to keep it enabled as a page file is required for the system to create memory and kernel dumps. Another solution is to move your page file to a seperate drive if you have one available. To move page file onto a secondary drive: Right-click Computer and select Properties. Click Advanced system settings in the left pane. Select the Advanced tab and under the Performance section, click Settings... Choose the Advanced tab and click the Change... button under Virtual Memory. Uncheck the box next to Automatically Manage paging file size for all drives. Select the second drive where the page file will be stored, choose either a fixed Custom size or System managed size, click Set then Ok. To disable the page file completely just follow the above 1-5 steps, select No paging file, click Set then Ok. 8. Turn Off System Restore This is a tweak I assume many SSD users will choose not follow, but you should. When irreversible problems occur System Restore can be a nice fallback, but if you have no important data that needs to be protected on your 😄 drive (you should be backing up externally anyway) I suggest you disable System Restore. Once System Restore has been turned off it will free up a few GB's of space, reduce writes to your SSD, and allow you to avoid conflicts with TRIM that can lead to severe drops in SSD performance. To turn of System Restore you must: Right-click on Computer and choose Properties. Navigate to System Protection in the left pane. Press the Configure button. Select the bubble next to Turn off system protection and click OK. 9. Use High Performance Power Settings The power saving options in Windows can be useful for a notebook PC when you need that extra hour of battery life. In a desktop environment the high performance power plan should be used so none of your components are downclocked to lower speeds in a effort to lower power consumption. You can also enable garbage collection to run on your SSD when idle in the advanced power management settings by telling your drive to never turn itself off and and disabling Sleep. Go to Control Panel and click Power Options. Select the High performance plan. If high performance isn't viewable, click Show additional plans to expand the entire list. Click Change plan settings next to the High performance plan. Now click Change advanced power settings Navigate to the Hard disk option and change Turn off hard disk after to Never (0 minutes). Navigate to the Sleep option and change Sleep after to Never (0 minutes) and click OK. Disable Hibernation This one will be a personal preference. If you actually need hibernation to function for the power saving or other reasons obviously just leave it be, but disabling it will free up a good chunk of precious storage capacity on your SSD, as hibernation uses approximately the same amount of space as the amount of RAM installed in the PC. If you have 16GB of RAM that is no small amount of space on most SSDs. To disable Hibernate: Search for cmd and right-click the command prompt icon to select Run as administrator. Type powercfg -h off and press Enter. Conclusion You may not choose to try all of these suggested SSD tweaks and optimizations, but it's important for you to, at the very least, install Windows onto your SSD in AHCI mode, verify TRIM is working properly, and disable scheduling of disk defragmentation. These steps will insure your SSD runs more efficiently with better performance and hopefully continues operating into the future with a longer lifespan.
  4. Tweaks in the Windows Registry To implement the following changes, you must intervene in the Windows registry. So, to open the registry editor, press the Win + R hotkey combination, type regedit and hit Enter. Once you’ve made the following changes, you should restart your computer for the changes to take place. Disabling Nagle’s algorithm Nagle’s algorithm is used to improve the efficiency of TCP/IP networks by reducing the number of packets sent on the network. Simply put, the algorithm gathers many small packets of information in order to create a single bigger packet, so as to reduce the number of packets sent. However, this has an effect on how smooth the internet connection is, leading to an increased ping during online gaming. To disable the Nagle algorithm, you must know your IP address. To view it, right-click on the Start menu and click on the Command Prompt option first. In the command prompt window, type ipconfig and press Enter. From the information that will be displayed, note the value next to the IPv4 Address field under your currently active internet connection adapter (e.g. Wireless LAN adapter). Keep it in a notepad somewhere for now. Then, from the Registry Editor, navigate to the following registry key: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Tcpip\Parameters\Interfaces Below this key, you can find several subkeys with random names. Open each one of those subkeys, and locate the one which includes a registry value named DhcpIPAddress and its data matches your IP address. Once you’ve located that registry key, right-click on empty space, select New -> DWORD Value (32 bit). Name the new registry value as TcpAckFrequency, and then double-click on it and set its data to 1. Repeat the same process to create two more DWORD (32 bit) values, named TCPNoDelay (set its data to 1) and TcpDelAckTicks (set its data to 0). Once this process is completed, Nagle's algorithm will have been disabled. If you notice any issues after making these changes, simply delete the three registry values you created, to revert them. Network Throttling Index Programs that contain multimedia usually require more resources on the network. For this reason, Windows uses a mechanism to throttle network usage in programs not related multimedia content (this is called Network Throttling). This mechanism comes into effect only when running multimedia programs. However, it can reduce the network’s performance when playing games. If you wish to achieve maximum network performance for games on Windows, this mechanism should be disabled. To do that, navigate to the following registry path: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Multimedia\SystemProfile In the SystemProfile registry key, create a new DWORD (32 bit) value, and name it NetworkThrottlingIndex (if it doesn’t exist already). Then, double-click on it and set its data to FFFFFFFF. This will disable throttling completely. To revert changes, simply delete the created value. Response time for games The Multimedia Class Scheduler service aims to increase the priority in applications that require it. For this reason, however, media streaming and games that make use of the Multimedia Class Scheduler service (MMCSS), can use only up to 80% of your computational power. To change this, open the registry editor again, and navigate to the following registry key: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Multimedia\SystemProfile Then, create a new DWORD (32 bit) value, name it SystemResponsiveness (if it doesn’t exist already), and set its data to 0. Top priority in games To have top priority in games, navigate to the following registry key: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Multimedia\SystemProfile\Tasks\Games In there, locate the GPU Priority and Priority registry values and change their data to 8 and 6 respectively, as shown in the screenshot below: To revert changes, simply change the data of these two registry values to what they were previously. Significance of effects Now, the differences before and after the changes highly depend on the system's specifications. Also, don't expect your computer to play smoothly all games afterwards- as we stated previously, the most important factor for gaming performance is the hardware setup. Without a powerful system, you won't have much success no matter how many tweaks you make. If you have any questions or problems, let us know in the comments section below!
  5. Many times, it has been noticed that programs still run in the background even after it has been closed and keep on reducing computer performance. Though you can restart your PC and ensure that it won’t run in the background, it is not possible to reboot every time you deal with the same issue. Here you need to modify wn32 priority separation in Windows 10 operating system. What is Win32 Priority Separation? It is a feature with which users can specify the strategy of optimizing the processor time for programs on the foreground and background. In other words, it helps to set CPU priority to prefer foreground apps in Windows 10 as well as background use of the processor. Though Windows system tweaks win32 priority separation by default, users can also do it manually and set the values as per their personal needs. How To Allocate More CPU To A Program in Windows 10? Depending on the usage of programs, you can configure the process scheduling such that it gives you the best performance when you use programs or it runs in the background. You can also try to improve the gaming performance of your PC by disabling HPET services. Method 1: Go to REGEDIT Remember that it is a registry editor and any unusual changes could lead to corrupt files. So, follow the guidelines strictly- Step-By-Step Procedure Type ‘regedit’ in the search box on the Windows taskbar Select ‘regedit’ Run command It will open the Registry Editor window on the main screen. Double click on ‘HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE’ Go to ‘SYSTEM’ folder followed by ‘CurrentControlSet’ Double click on ‘Control’ Scroll down to ‘PriorityControl’ Right click on ‘Win32PrioritySeperation’ Select ‘Modify’ It will open the Edit DWORD (32-bit) Value box on the main screen. Here you need to adjust the values for enhancing the performance of programs. It usually shows value ‘2’ by default. Modify value data to ‘26’ is used for Hexadecimal as Base Modify value data to ‘38’ is used for Decimal as Base You can pick any one of these values and click on ‘OK’ to save the changes. Now, close all the programs and dialog boxes which are running on the computer and reboot your PC to apply the changes. Method 2: Open Run Dialog Box There is a simple and straightforward method of adjusting the performance of programs and background processes. Follow these steps- Press ‘Windows + R’ keys Type ‘sysdm.cpl’ on the Run box Hit the ‘Enter’ key This will open ‘System Properties’ on the main screen. Go to ‘Advanced’ tab followed by ‘Settings’ This will open the ‘Performance Options’ dialog box on the screen. Select ‘Advanced’ tab Here you will get two options on the ‘Adjust for best performance of’ section and out of which, you need to choose one as per your personal needs on the computer. Programs Background services Once done, you need to click on ‘OK’ to apply the changes. Now, you need to reboot your computer such that you get the desired performance. Final Words That’s all about the tweaking of Win32 Priority Separation in Windows 10. Once you follow these methods, you can definitely make PC works fast. In case you have any query or need assistance on anything related to your Windows computer, you can comment in the below box.
  6. If you face FPS drops and stuttering, you can try changing the HPET settings to increase the performance of your PC and get smoother gameplay. HPET stands for High Precision Event Timer (formerly Multimedia Timer) and has been used in PCs for a long time. It is used to produce periodic interrupts, which can be used to synchronize multimedia streams, in turn, providing smoother playback. It also reduces the need for other timestamp calculations. Performance of PC can also be increase by enabling Win32 Priority Separation which you can read here. Brief History Of HPET Many gamers have pointed out on forums that the HPET bug is causing problems in the gaming performance in certain situations. The reason for this is pretty simple. Earlier when CPUs had less clock speed and games did not use multithreading in an efficient way, the usage of HPET to retrieve incremental timestamp counter took away precious calculation power of the CPUs and significantly hurt gaming performance. But now that the games are efficiently using multithreading and the bottleneck of the 3D performance has shifted to the GPU, and the impact of the event timers reduced. However, game developers started using a lot of timestamp queries to measure performance for animations and movements. How HPET Affects Gameplay? The problem has arisen because of a very slow timer interpretation of the HPET on today’s high-performance rigs. The impact of slow HPET depends on actual usage of the timer functions in the game engine and the hardware used. You can notice the HPET bug causing stutters in gameplay if you run a not graphics heavy game on an overpowered GPU. Disabling HPET removes the micro-stuttering and screen tearing that may occur during gameplay. It allows unrestricted input-output to occur. This results in a very raw and extremely responsive connection between you and your PC. You can sense around 0.1 to 0.15ms delay with HPET on while turning it off can gain you around 3-4 FPS. This may not seem much for day to day use. But with gaming, imagine the FPS drop for every action piling up; this leads to micro-stuttering that is observed during gameplay. How To Disable HPET? If you suffer the same issue of HPET causing game lags, here I’ll show you 2 methods to disable HPET. # Method 1 (Using Device Manager) You can use the device manager to disable the High Precision Event Timer. I’ll show you how to use device manager settings to disable HPET. From search, type Device Manager and press Enter to open settings. Locate System devices. Right click on High Precision Event Timer and select Disable to stop the HPET service. Now you know how you can use this simple method to disable HPET using Device manager settings. I will now show you another method to disable the HPET. # Method 2 (Using Cmd) You can also use the cmd to stop the HPET and reduce gameplay stuttering. Follow the steps to disable HPET using cmd From Search, enter cmd and select Open as administrator. Type the following commands to disable HPET bcdedit /deletevalue useplatformclock bcdedit /set disabledynamictick yes Restart the PC for the changes to take place.
  7. The hard disk can sometimes become a bottleneck in overall system performance. While not much can be done to overcome hardware-related limitations, admins can optimize the NTFS file system for better performance. Legacy filenames To disable backward compatibility, you can use a tool that was included with the Windows Resource Kit called Fsutil. Fsutil is a command-line tool designed to modify the behavior of the file system. The command for disabling backward compatibility is: CMD: Fsutil behavior set disable8dot3 1 Resize the master file table Fsutil behavior set mftzone 1 Disable last access date FSUTIL behavior set disablelastaccess 1
  8. How to Enable or Disable SuperFetch in WindowsSuperFetch (aka: Memory Prefetcher) is a service that was introduced with Vista.SuperFetch is an enhancement of the Prefetcher from previous versions of Windows. The Prefetcher is in charge of storing program information so that often-used programs and processes can run faster.SuperFetch keeps track of which applications you use most and loads this information from the hard drive into RAM so that programs load faster than they would if the hard disk had to be accessed every time. Windows SuperFetch prioritizes the programs you’re currently using over background tasks and adapts to the way you work by tracking the programs you use most often and pre-loading these into memory. With SuperFetch, background tasks still run when the computer is idle. However, when the background task is finished, SuperFetch repopulates system memory with the data you were working with before the background task ran. Now, when you return to your desk, your programs will continue to run as efficiently as they did before you left. It is even smart enough to know what day it is in the event you use different applications more often on certain days. Basically, SuperFetch attempts to predict which applications you will launch next and preloads all of the necessary data into memory.Sometimes SuperFetch may cause high disk usage.If you run Windows from a SSD or M.2 instead of a slow spinner hard drive, then you may not see any performance gain from SuperFetch to justify the drive usage from it.If you like, you could disable SuperFetch to see if you have any performance gains with it enabled or disabled.This tutorial will show you how to enable or disable SuperFetch in Windows 7, Windows 8, and Windows 10. You must be signed in as an administrator to enable or disable SuperFetch. This will affect: - Prefetch - SuperFetch - RAM compression - ReadyBoost Contents Option One: Enable or Disable SuperFetch in Services Option Two: Enable or Disable SuperFetch in Command Prompt Option Three: Enable or Disable SuperFetch in PowerShell OPTION ONE Enable or Disable SuperFetch in Services 1 Press the Win + R keys to open Run, type services.msc into Run, and click/tap on OK to open Services. 2 Double click/tap on the SysMain service. (see screenshot below) Starting with Windows 10 build 17763.1, the SuperFetch service has been renamed to SysMain. 3 Do step 4 (enable) or step 5 (disable) below for what you want to do. 4. To Enable SuperFetch This is the default setting. A) Change the Startup type to Automatic. (see screenshot below) B) Click/tap on the Start button. C) Click/tap on OK, and go to step 6 below. 5. To Disable SuperFetch A) Click/tap on the Stop button. B) Change the Startup type to Disabled. (see screenshot below) C) Click/tap on OK, and go to step 6 below. 6] You can now close Services. OPTION TWO Enable or Disable SuperFetch in Command Prompt 1 Open an elevated command prompt. 2 Do step 3 (enable) or step 4 (disable) below for what you want to do. 3. To Enable SuperFetch This is the default setting. A) Copy and paste the command below into the elevated command prompt, press Enter, and go to step 5 below. (see screenshots below) sc config "SysMain" start=auto & sc start "SysMain" 4. To Disable SuperFetch A) Copy and paste the command below into the elevated command prompt, press Enter, and go to step 5 below. (see screenshots below) sc stop "SysMain" & sc config "SysMain" start=disabled 5 You can now close the elevated command prompt. OPTION THREE Enable or Disable SuperFetch in PowerShell 1 Open an elevated PowerShell. 2 Do step 3 (enable) or step 4 (disable) below for what you want to do. 3. To Enable SuperFetch This is the default setting. A) Copy and paste the command below into the elevated PowerShell, press Enter, and go to step 5 below. (see screenshots below) Set-Service -Name "SysMain" -StartupType Automatic -Status Running 4. To Disable SuperFetch A) Copy and paste the command below into the elevated PowerShell, press Enter, and go to step 5 below. (see screenshots below) Stop-Service -Force -Name "SysMain"; Set-Service -Name "SysMain" -StartupType Disabled 5 You can now close the elevated PowerShell. That's it,Shawn

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